Principles Of Basic SkinCare

Your skin needs to be taken care of and invested in. In a time where women are presented with so many choices for their skin, choosing a skin care regimen or routine can become confusing and unnecessarily expensive. The good news is, no matter what type of skin you have, there are basic skin care principles every skin-saving woman should practice and these principles need only the bare essentials and ten minutes of your time.

Basic Daily Skincare Routine – 3 Steps

The basic 3-step process for naturally beautiful skin is a regular routine of cleansing, toning and moisturizing in the morning and at night.

Cleanse Your Skin

You need to cleanse your skin before anything else. This is an important step because if prepares your skin for your makeup by removing the dead cells and oils that have accumulated during the last sixteen hours. Washing your face with a good cleanser removes dirt and dust that can choke your pores and trigger pimples. Cleansing also washes away the dullness of the day and gives back skin’s natural sheen and glow.

Dermatologists do not recommend washing your face with soap because soap’s alkaline content dries out skin and can initiate wrinkling prematurely. Soap’s high pH level also washes away the protective layer of your skin which is slightly acidic. Most high end skin cleansers contain natural oils that combine with your face’s sebum and makes dirt and grime easier to wash out. These oils also work to firm your skin. Sesame, palm and coconut oils are the usual components of many safe and effective cleansers in the market.

Another ingredient in good cleansers is seaweed. Seaweed contains many minerals that draw toxins out of your skin while stimulating circulation as well. The minerals also strengthen the healing functions and the immunity of your skin, making your face better protected against blemishes and pimples.

Exfoliating has long been the secret of many European and Asian women to beautiful and radiant skin. Once or twice a week, it is good to use a facial scrub as your cleanser. Think of it as spring cleaning for your skin. Facial scrubs contain grains and mild abrasives with varying coarseness that remove dead cells and dirt more thoroughly. Common ingredients for scrubs include particles from oats, almonds, apricots, or fine sand. If you are a regular make-up user, you may need to use a facial scrub with a mild abrasive component three times a week. This is because pigments and coloring agents irritate the skin and are not easily removed by cleansers alone.

To wash your face (with cleanser or exfoliant), first moisten your face with clean water. Resist the urge to apply your cleansing product directly on your face, but lather it up in your palms first. Use your fingertips to spread the lather around your face. Massage your face for a minute before splashing it with water. Rinse your face for a longer time because you need to remove not only the cleanser, but the dirt on your face as well. Cleansing components left on your face may cause irritations and blemishes. When you are done, never rub your face with the towel to dry it off. Use soft pats to blot your face dry. Rubbing tugs at the skin cells and leads to dryness and wrinkles.

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Apply a toner or an astringent on your face

 Cleansing can remove facial dirt, but it can also remove the protective shield of your skin. This is why it is important to apply a toner or an astringent on your face. Toners restore the pH balance of your skin lost by cleansing and exfoliating. It also removes the last traces of remaining makeup and oily cleanser.

Toners will close the pores which in turn, tighten the skin and protect it from irritants and toxins. While there are many toners on the market, it is recommended that you choose toners without alcohol or boric acid. While alcohol can tighten the skin, it can do a lot of damage on the collagen beneath the surface. Common ingredients in toners include witch hazel, lemon and honey. If you use a witch hazel toner, it may dry your skin a little more, so you need to supplement it with more moisturizer afterwards. Rose water is a gentler way of toning up.

Toners can be applied with cotton balls or pads. Some toners also come in a “mist” variety to be sprayed on the face. If you want to make your own toner, you can use an herbal tea infusion. Boil a cup of water and steep a chamomile (or any other) tea bag, then add two drops of lavender oil. When cool, apply to the face.

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Mousturize

We end our three-step skin care regimen with moisturizing. Well-moisturized skin is devoid of obvious wrinkles and dark spots and instead has a dewy, healthy look. Moisturizing skin also helps it maintain its softness and elasticity by preventing dryness.

Contrary to the popular notion, the best way to moisturize your skin is not through topical applications, but by drinking at least eight glasses of water every day. The water you drink moves through the body and out to the skin surface, leaving skin hydrated and firm. If you are dehydrated, your skin’s upper layers become brittle and dull.

To back up your internal moisture, your face will also need external moisturizers or humectants. These creams have a component that attracts and binds moisture to the skin surface. If you are young, you can use light moisturizers. If you are more mature and you have started to see some fine lines, opt for a heavier cream with additional nourishing vitamins and treatments.

Moisturizers abound in the market at a wide price range. Many moisturizers contain vegetable glycerin, rose water, sorbitol, jojoba oil, vitamin E oils and herbs like aloe vera. Avoid moisturizers with mineral oil as this can dry the skin and prevent it from breathing. During the day, opt for a moisturizer that also doubles as a sunscreen. Choose an SPF level of 15 or higher.

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